选择学校重要吗?
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2020-03-30 06:17 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
We’re all told to work hard in school, so that we can get into the best colleges or universities, and be successful.
我们都被吩咐要在学校努力学习,以考上最好的学校或大学,成为成功人士。
 
But, does the school you choose actually matter?
但是,你选择的学校真的重要吗?
 
Take a look at these SAT scores for an average school which are out of 800, by the way.
看看普通学校学生所得的SAT平均分,总分是800.
 
Those that have the highest SAT scores end up representing over 50% of the people who get degrees at these schools, while the lowest SAT scores only represent around 18% of the people who actually graduate. Not so surprising.
那些获得SAT最高分的学生最终在拿到学位的人中占一半以上,而那些获得SAT最低分的学生仅占真正能毕业者的百分之十八。这毫不让人意外。
 
But now let’s look at a top school, like Harvard.
但是让我们看看顶尖学校,比如哈佛。
 
Here, the students with the lowest SAT scores, are still smarter than the best students at an average school.
在这里,拿最低SAT分的学生依旧比普通学校的尖子生聪明。
 
And yet, when we look at their rate of completion, it looks awfully1 similar.
而且,当我们看到毕业率的时候,会发现有惊人的相似之处。
 
The top students represent just over 50% of people who graduate, while the lower SAT scores represent around 15% of people who actually graduate.
尖子生的毕业率占一半以上,而SAT低分者仅占百分之十五左右。
 
Wait, what’s going on here? This phenomenon is known as the Big Fish Little Pond Effect.
等等,这是怎么回事?这个现象被称为大鱼小池塘效应。
 
Simply put, we compare ourselves not globally, but to our neighbours or people who are in the same boat as we are.
简单而言,我们不会把自己跟全世界的人对比,但是会跟邻里或者相同处境的人相比。
 
As a result, students at top schools compare themselves to their brilliant peers, and if you’re in the bottom half of your class, you’re likely to have feelings of inadequacy2.
结果是,顶尖学校的学生会和他们出色的同学相比,如果你在班上处于中下游,你很有可能会觉得自己有所不足。
 
Even though compared to the rest of the world you are at the top.
尽管和世界上其他所有人相比你仍处于顶尖位置。
 
Who do you think has a higher incidence of suicide?
你认为谁会有更高的自杀率?
 
People who live in developed countries that declare themselves as very happy, like Switzerland, Denmark and Canada or those which describe themselves as unhappy, like Italy, Greece, and Spain?
是像瑞士、丹麦和加拿大一样声称自己很幸福的发达国家,还是像意大利、希腊和西班牙一样认为自己不幸福的国家呢?
 
The happy countries. If you’re depressed3 but everyone around you is also unhappy, you may think of yourself as normal, as opposed to being stuck around people who are happier than you.
是那些幸福的国家。如果你情绪低落,但是周围的人也不开心,你可能会认为自己很正常,而如果你被比你开心的人围绕着,情况会完全相反。
 
Similarly, if you’re very intelligent at an elite4 school, you may end up being a little fish in a very big pond.
类似的,如果你在一所名校中非常出色,你也许会成为一条大池塘里的小鱼。
 
And feeling as though you’re at the bottom impacts your confidence and ultimately your motivation.
自己在垫底的感觉会影响你的信心,最终阻碍你的积极性。
 
Need more statistics? 50% of US students in STEM programs drop out in the first or second year of school.
需要更多数据吗?STEM 项目中一半的美国学生在第一或者第二学年就辍学了。
 
But for every 10 point decrease in the school’s average SAT score, degree completion rises by 2%!
但是学校的人均SAT分数每降低10分,毕业率就上升百分之二。
 
Meaning, you’re much more likely to even get your degree if you don’t go to your top pick.
意味着,如果你不去自己的首选学校,则更有可能拿到你的学位证。
 
But who ends up being more successful in the ‘real world’?
但是现实世界中最终谁更成功呢?
 
A study looking at publications produced by economists5 in their first six years after graduation showed that top students in the 99th percentile ie smarter than almost every other person at the school from the top 5 schools in America were producing an impressive amount of publications.
一项关于经济学毕业生在毕业6年内发表刊物的调查显示智商比学校其他99%的学生高的顶尖学生——美国大学前五的毕业生发表的刊物数量惊人。
 
But those in the 75th percentile, still the top quarter of best students, are publishing next to nothing.
但是成绩前25的这部分,虽然作为四分之一的优秀学生,但是几乎没有作品刊登。
 
Essentially6 failures in their field.
可以说在自己的领域内是完全的失败了。
 
But if we now look at the best students from the 30 worst schools, we see that they’re publishing more than those in the top quarter of the best schools in the country.
但是如果我们看看最差30所学校的尖子生,会发现他们发表的刊物比优等学校前25的好学生要多。
 
Clearly, your surroundings and peers matter.
很明显,你周围的环境和伙伴很重要。
 
Now, of course, this doesn’t cover every aspect of going to a top ranked school including the fact that having a degree from one of them can be a badge of honour, and may help you find a job more easily.
现在,当然了,这并不涵盖选择顶尖学校的所有方面,包括获得这些学校的学位是一项荣誉的象征,也许还能帮你更容易找到一份工作。
 
But, that’s if you ever even graduate.
但是,前提是你能够毕业。
 
So when you’re applying for school, or even at your new college, keep in mind that whether you go to the best or worst school, the formula for success is mixed.
因此当你申请大学的时候,或者是开始念新学院的时候,记住不管你上的是最好还是最差的学校,成功的配方都是混杂的。
 
Remember the importance of confidence in your abilities, and how being a Big Fish in a little pond can sometimes be more important than your school itself.
记住对自己的能力有信心十分重要,在小池塘里成为大鱼有时候比学校本身更重要。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 awfully MPkym     
adv.可怕地,非常地,极端地
参考例句:
  • Agriculture was awfully neglected in the past.过去农业遭到严重忽视。
  • I've been feeling awfully bad about it.对这我一直感到很难受。
2 inadequacy Zkpyl     
n.无法胜任,信心不足
参考例句:
  • the inadequacy of our resources 我们的资源的贫乏
  • The failure is due to the inadequacy of preparations. 这次失败是由于准备不足造成的。
3 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮丧的,抑郁的,不景气的,萧条的
参考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮丧时就感到完全脱离了现实。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.这个坏消息使他的母亲意志消沉。
4 elite CqzxN     
n.精英阶层;实力集团;adj.杰出的,卓越的
参考例句:
  • The power elite inside the government is controlling foreign policy.政府内部的一群握有实权的精英控制着对外政策。
  • We have a political elite in this country.我们国家有一群政治精英。
5 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 essentially nntxw     
adv.本质上,实质上,基本上
参考例句:
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
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